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interactive

State Machine Complete (Maybe)

So, we've got that main processing code ready to go! Sort of. Inti has kicked ass getting the physical states codified, and the processing code looks great with the graphics that Tracy posted. I now need to combine the physical pieces that Jay has built for the intubation and ventilator and accelerometer (all of which are killer!) with the Arduino code with the finished state machine and get the thing running.

Very, very soon, this bear will live! And then die!

Processing code is attached below.

Algorithm For the Bear

Just a bit of pseudo-code that shows the state transitions in our trauma bear project.

start
	*random
		-> convulse_cardio
		-> convulse_flatline
		-> convulse_gi
convulse_cardio
	*time < 20 && comp >= 6 && accel. == BACK
		-> stable
	*else
		-> death
convulse_flatline
	*time > 10
		-> any_touch
convulse_gi
	*time > 5
		-> shallow_vital
stable
	*time > 10 && accel. < error_movement
		-> well
	*else
		-> need_more_comps
dead
	*reset_button == HIGH
		-> start
well
	*reset_button == HIGH
		-> start
shallow_vitals
	*accel. == SIDE && time < 15
		-> ready_to_intubate
	*intubated == HIGH && time < 15
		-> tube_convulse 
	*else
		-> death
need_more_comps
	*time < 20 && comp >= 6 && accel. == BACK
		-> stable
	*time < 20
		-> need_air
	*else
		-> death
need_air
	*intubated == HIGH && pumps >= 6 && time < 20
		-> stable
	*else
		-> death
flatline
	*flatline_total < 3 && paddles_applied && time < 20
		-> paddled
	*else
		-> death
tube_convulse
	*intubated == LOW && time < 15
		-> shallow_vitals
	*else
		-> death
ready_to_intubate
	*intubated == HIGH && time < 15
		-> intubated
	*else
		-> death
intubated
	*accel. < error_movement && time > 10
		-> well
paddled
	*random
		-> needs_air
		-> flatline
		-> well
any_touch
	*time < 20 && accel. > error_movement
		-> flatline
	*time >= 20
		-> death

Shoot From The Head!

The Shaky Cap: Like a shot to the cranium!The Shaky Cap: Like a shot to the cranium!By far our strangest interface, the haptic helmet creates the feeling of shooting out the top of your head, as if you yourself were the player's shapeship in Galaga.

One vibrating motor is positioned in a knit cap at the base of the skull. A second one is place farther up on the head. By tweaking the timings and intensity, based on our original shooter interface, the user gets the feeling of a pulse travelling up from the back of his or her head.

The Helmet of Doom: Rattles ya!The Helmet of Doom: Rattles ya!As icing on this strange little cake, we put our big, custom-made rumbler in this helmet, which fits over the top of the knit cap. The low-frequency shaking adds just the right kind of touch to the shooting effect--it really rattles you a little bit.

Personally, I don't fit into the helmet. My noggin is huge. But for someone with a skull a few sizes smaller than mine, I can see this being a lot of fun. It's definitely very trippy.

The Helmet of Doom

The Helmet of Doom

Rattles ya!

The Shaky Cap

The Shaky Cap

Like a shot to the cranium!

Haptic Bear

The haptic bear we built has a beating heart and breathing lungs. The heart is a vibrating disc motor that pulses in the familiar rhythm. The lungs are a servo with an arm that pushes on a metal plate in the chest cavity.

The video doesn't really do him justice, but he is incredibly cute, despite his recent surgery:

Do Ya Feel It? That's Haptics, Kid!

Lots of good progress today on the haptics project. Cicek covers the "heartbeat" and "shotgun" assignments, complete with video.

The heartbeat is fairly straightforward. The Arduino kicks out two 50ms bursts of the vibrators motors separated by 10ms, followed by a 500ms pause. The second burst is at 75 percent of the duty cycle coming off the PWM. It's eerily effective.

The shooter took us a while to perfect, but I think we've got a good one. The best way to see what we've done with it is to check the source code (attached below,) but the gist of it is that we start off with a heavy vibration from both the mini-vibrating motor (in the grip) and our custom-built macro-vibrating motor. The latter is a generic DC motor with an offset weight hot-glued to the shaft contained inside the top of an old spray can and attached to the area where the "bolt" would be on a rifle. Then we added another pulse from another mini located downrange on the barrel. By tweaking the timings, you get a fairly good sense of the gun kicking when you hit the cute red trigger.

First Prototypes

For our initial assignment, we were tasked to build devices that communicated to the users via their sense of touch.

Haptics Research

My group in studio was assigned to investigate touch interfaces by digging into vibrating motors, timed stimulus, and other odd bits of perception. The results of our work are detailed here.

Bluetooth Research

Bluetooth: Ye olde King BluetoothBluetooth: Ye olde King BluetoothBluetooth is a wireless protocol for sending serial data over the air. It was named after Harald I of Denmark. In fact, the symbol for Bluetooth consists of the runes for that king's name.

In order to put a project together, you'll need the following resources:

  • A Bluetooth modem board, such as the BlueSMiRF
  • An Arduino board or stamp
  • Outputs from the Arduino (vibration "rumble" motors in our case)
  • Input to the Arduino board (like our accelerometers)
  • A computer or other device that can communicate via Bluetooth (most recent Macs and laptops, as well as certain Nokia phones, etc.)

Copyright Mike Edwards 2006-2009. All content available under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike license, unless otherwise noted.

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